The education is focused on the state so that each student is literate to some level in the country. Gujarat 12th Board Science Stream papers Gujarati medium will make you more confident about the examinations. There is a strict need for the papers to each student because they want to check the paper style and also the way the questions will ask in the examinations. So here we provide you PHYSICS CHAPTER-WISE HANDWRITTEN NOTES FOR JEE-NEET. It will help you with exam preparations.




This chapter will help you to build a concrete foundation, which in turn can help you learn further concepts of physics and its various dynamics. Different kinds of topics related to different physical forces, i.e. gravitational force, nuclear power, electromagnetic energy, etc. and fundamental laws of physics that govern natural phenomena explained in this chapter. Different scientists’ contributions such as Faraday, Coulomb, Ampere, Newton, and others across the globe to understand concepts will be focused.


You get detailed knowledge and understanding about AC voltage and its application in resistor, capacitor, series LCR circuit, inductor, etc. in the chapter. This chapter also highlights the properties and powers in the AC circuit, transformers, LC Oscillations, etc. Here also you will find exercises for you to solve.


When you reach the eleventh chapter in the Class 12 Physics NCERT book, you reach the point where you come across arguments regarding the nature of radiation and the properties it showcases in different situations. It has long been a topic of debate whether emission resembles a wave or a particle or both in appearance and property. Besides this, the chapter also enlightens you about the photoelectric effects of light, the Wave Theory, Wave Nature of matters around us, etc. Most importantly, this chapter instructs you about the photoelectric equation of Einstein. You will be amazed at the level of new ideas opened up in front of you. Energy quantum of radiation is another topic you learn from here.


This chapter informs you about the difference within a single electric field regarding the potential between two points. You also get to know what contributes to the development of electrostatic potential while studying Physics NCERT Class 12. The potential gradient and energy in the external field is also a part of 12th Physics. This chapter comprised of several formulae and terms associated with electrostatic potential. Memorizing the equations and appropriately implementing them in various derivations are essential for you. So, you need to remember them effectively.


The charge is the property of an object under which it applies the electrostatic force of interaction for other purposes. Like charges repel and unlike charges attract each other. Charge on any object can be an integer multiple of the smallest charge (e).


capacitor is a system of two conductors separated by an insulator. The total charge of a capacitor is zero, while the conductors have charge Q and –Q. A single conductor can be considered as a capacitor with other conductors at infinity.


The logic gates are building blocks of electronic devices. It may have one or more inputs but can only have one output. Possible values of input and output of logic gates expressed in the form of tables called truth tables.


Radioactivity is a nuclear phenomenon in which an unstable nucleus undergoes decay to form stable nuclei. It was discovered accidentally by a scientist Henry Becquerel (1896).


This chapter mainly revolves around the optical instruments in use, spherical mirrors, and their activities in reflecting as well as refracting light, etc. Reflection and refraction concepts also explained in detail in this chapter. Refraction by lenses and total internal reflection are two more areas where you build your knowledge. You are introduced to the unique feature of prism in dispersing the light and several seemingly unique phenomena of sunlight.


This chapter is inclusive of three different topics together, namely, displacement current, electromagnetic waves, and the electromagnetic spectrum. All of them are interrelated and based on the standard concept of magnetism. Here again, your previous knowledge will help you get a better understanding of this chapter. The different electromagnetic waves explained in this chapter which includes microwaves, x-rays, radio waves, and also their usage in practical life. In this regard, you also get to know about Maxwell’s Equation.


In the sixth chapter of Physics NCERT Class 12, you move further into the studies of magnetic fields and magnetism concerning electromagnetic induction. Your previous knowledge about magnetism and matter will again be put to use when you set to learn this chapter. Ten topics in total build up the whole chapter while making you enlightened about the concept of magnetic induction. The new terms and details that you come across in this chapter are magnetic flux, inductance, eddy currents, and a lot more. You get to enhance your knowledge in this regard by learning motional electromotive force, energy consideration, etc. several rules and laws that you get to delve into are Faraday’s Law of electromagnetic induction, Fleming’s Right Hand Rule, and Lenz’s Law.


Magnetism and Matter is the fifth chapter in the syllabus of 12th Physics. The knowledge you gathered from the previous chapter will come handy here. From the basics of magnetism, this chapter makes you enter the world of matter with magnetism. It comprises of seven topics in total. Here you come across terms like the magnetism of earth and the property of magnetism present in various materials around us. You are also introduced to Magnetism and Gauss’ Law in more detail through this chapter. While learning this lesson, you will also come across Electrostatic Analogue in a tabular form.


This one is of particular consideration to crack various entrance exams and the CBSE board exams. This chapter of Class 12 Physics consists of 15 different topics, all of which you need to learn and understand well. The topics range from basic knowledge about electric current, its varying density to advanced information about the change in the flow of electric charge in different conductors. Both liquid conductors and the solid metallic conductors brought to your attention. These accompanied by Ohm’s Law. Which explains drift velocity, an idea about how resistivity and relaxation time.


The different electromagnetic waves explained in this chapter which includes microwaves, x-rays, radio waves, and also their usage in practical life. In this regard, you also get to know about Maxwell’s Equation. The frequency of the different electromagnetic waves and their wavelengths etc. are also a part of the NCERT Physics chapter in class 12.


Oscillations are an important and fascinating one. This oscillation is the next step after learning about rectilinear motion, projectile motion, and others in the lower grades. The study of oscillatory motion is essential to physics, the concepts of which required for the understanding of many physical phenomena. The chapter oscillations will help us to study in detail about oscillations and oscillatory motion.


Thermodynamics is a branch of physics that deals with the ideas of heat and temperature and the inter-conversion of heat and other forms of energy. It is a macroscopic science. It deals with bulk systems and does not include the molecular constitution of any matter. In this chapter, you will study the laws that govern thermal energy and processes where work converted to heat and vice-versa.


You will learn the behavior of gases based on the idea that gas consists of fast-moving atoms or molecules. Kinetic Theory studied since the 19th century by famous scientists such as Newton, Maxwell, Boltzman, Boyle, Avogadro, and others. This chapter also introduces the kinetic theory.


In this chapter, you will learn the actual definition of heat and how it is measured. You will study the various processes by which heat flows. As you go further, you will find out the reason why blacksmiths heat the iron ring before fitting on the rim of a wooden wheel of a horse cart and why the wind at a sea beach often reverses its direction after the sun goes down. What happens when water boils or freezes?


Surface tension is the property of any liquid under which tries to minimize its free surface area. The surface tension of liquid depends only on the nature of liquid and independent of the surface area of the film or length of the line. Small liquid drops are spherical due to the property of surface tension.


In the Mechanical properties of solids, you will study the physical properties of solids, such as plasticity, elasticity, and others. The fundamental properties of solids are readily available to learn in this chapter. Stress, compressive stress, tensile stress, longitudinal stress, tangential or shearing stress, shearing strain hydraulic stress, and volume strain are some of the concepts that will build the foundation for learning the properties of solids.


This chapter explains the theoretical and mathematical parts of the mentioned concepts. These concepts described clearly and comprehensively for ease of students and better understanding.


This chapter is a part of the Kinematics and is an exciting one. In junior classes, we all have learned about motion and its fundamental properties. However, in this topic, you will get to know about rectilinear motion and its measurement having a detailed and technical vision. In the chapter, motion in a straight line, you will learn about the frame of reference, reference point, what called path length, the magnitude of displacement, relative velocity, instantaneous velocity, acceleration, retardation, etc.


Electric Charges and Fields‘ acquaints you with electric charges. So far, students have mostly received an elementary understanding of electric charges. However, Class 12 Physics delves into the depth of the subject, to inform students about the types of charges, attraction, and repulsion between charges, etc.


Solid-state of matter possesses fixed mass, volume, shape, and rigidity. Solids are classified on the basis of the arrangement of constituent particles. Due to their specific arrangements, it shows a wide range of properties and hence varied applications like superconductors, magnetic materials, polymers, etc.


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